Does jogging increase the risk of joint degeneration?

Some recent studies show that jogging does not increase the risk of knee and hip osteoarthritis, but on the contrary has many benefits for osteoarthritis patients.

Osteochondrosis occurs when the cartilage layer is lost causing joints to rub against each other, causing pain. The degenerative condition is irreversible and usually gets worse over time. Usually, this condition occurs in the knee and hip joint areas, areas that are heavily affected when running, so many people think that this sport is related to the risk of osteoarthritis.

In fact, many runners say, they are often advised to slightly reduce the intensity of their workouts. One in 4 runners is advised to reduce the frequency of running. Gradually, this formed the notion that jogging is harmful to the joints. However, there is no clear link between jogging and osteoarthritis.

According to a study conducted by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, which surveyed 4,000 runners participating in the Chicago Marathon, running was not associated with an increased risk of knee or hip osteoarthritis.

Dr. Matthew Hartwell, lead author of the study, said 7.3 percent of the survey participants had hip and knee osteoarthritis. However, this situation has nothing to do with the number of years they have run, the number of marathons they have participated, or the weekly distance, average speed. Instead, factors such as injuries, history of hip and knee surgeries, advanced age, family history, BMI carry the risk of joint degeneration.

According to the study's authors, jogging actually keeps joints healthy by constantly lubricating them. Between the joints there is synovial fluid, which plays the role of lubrication. Jogging keeps this synovial fluid environment healthy, free of inflammatory agents, which can progress joint degeneration.

Also, jogging may not prevent inevitable risk factors for osteoarthritis such as age and family history, but can prevent heart problems and obesity. These are two conditions that are closely related to the risk of arthritis.

According to sports medicine expert Kenton Fibel, running is good for your health but it's important to prepare properly before you start practicing the sport. Different sports activities involve different muscles and loads placed on different joints. For example, a person who is switching from cycling to jogging, needs to focus on strengthening the hip muscles, the anterior thigh muscles to help these muscles get used to higher impact loads.

People with osteoarthritis can still do a variety of physical activities, including jogging, as long as they don't overexert themselves. According to experts, you should not do heavy training from the beginning, you should strengthen the muscles gradually so that they withstand the body load then gradually increase the running distance.


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